Bespoke also provides literacy therapy for children who have delays in reading and writing.
For younger children, literacy therapy involves working on pre-reading skills called ‘phonological awareness’, such as letter-sound awareness, rhyme, segmenting and blending. For more developed readers, literacy therapy uses a synthetic/systematic phonics approach which is recognised as the most effective way to improve reading and writing skills (1). Using this method, children are taught the 24 consonant sounds and 20 vowel sounds in English with their associated spellings. The method is clear, organised and well structured.
(1) Recent national enquiries/reviews into the teaching of reading have been conducted in the UK, the US and Australia. Each inquiry has discussed the importance of direct, systematic instruction in phonics. Here is an excerpt from Australia’s National Inquiry (2005) “The Rowe Report“:
“The evidence is clear, whether from research, good practice observed in schools, advice from submissions to the Inquiry, consultations, or from Committee members’ own individual experiences, that direct systematic instruction in phonics during the early years of schooling is an essential foundation for teaching children to read. Findings from the research evidence indicate that all students learn best when teachers adopt an integrated approach to reading that explicitly teaches phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary knowledge and comprehension.”